Publishing: Would I Rather?

As a student, I have the luxury to gain access to many scholarly journals, where I can do research and find information that is expensive to access if I wasn’t a student paying a fee for access to these journals. Also as a student, I am in need of finding a wealth of scholarly information for the hundreds of papers I’ve written for my classes, and having access to this information is essential to my education.

However, I am going to be graduating in the Spring semester, and I will subsequently lose access to these journals and begin to pay for them if I am not enrolled in a graduate program.

With an average of $1000.00 a year per journal (Cham, 2012) I doubt that I will be able to afford access any longer. If I were to go on and become a researcher, and have a choice to publish in the American Historical Review, I would choose not to publish there.

Publishing on my own professional blog and have it appear on the public website of the history department of where I am working. This open access to not only my own research but others research as well is a controversial topic among publishers and researchers.

According to Curt Rice, paying first for research to be done, and then volunteer editors reviewing the articles, and then having to pay once again for subscriptions is not the way to handle scholarly research. Along with that, some of the biggest publishers profit rates exceed oil company’s profits. That’s huge!

With so much information at our fingertips, limiting my work to only those that can pay for it does only benefits that small percentage of people.

Personally, I believe in open information, and by choosing to publish in a specific journal that a subscription fee is required is not part of the message I want to send to others. Melissa Terras was someone who decided to tweet her paper to make it accessible to anyone that wants to read it. She had a total download of 535 times, where before she only had a total of 2 downloads before she tweeted and blogged her paper.

Opening up access to her paper brought the information she had to say in to the public domain, and had much more traffic if it were to be published by a subscription only journal (2011). I believe that information should be open access, and that anyone that wants to learn more about something should be able to have it for free, and not be subject to limited access if they can’t afford it.




Cham, J. (2012, October 24th)  “Open Access Explained,” PhD Comics


Rice, C. (2014, October 8th) “Wall Street analysts say open access has failed due to lack of focus, but their analysis may help it succeed,”



Terras, M. (2011, November 7th) “What Happens When You Tweet an Open Access Paper,“Melissa Terras’s

Washington DC Riots: Analyzed

Article 1: Lessons of the Riots by William Raspberry

This article, written by William Raspberry of the Washington Post, demonstrates the reasoning behind the Washington DC riots, and what events had taken place.  He begins by explaining how the death of Dr. King sparked outrage in Washington DC, where it was mainly about race.  However, much of the damage was not caused on people, but to buildings, burning the city and looting stores.  Although it destroyed much of the areas that the riots happened, it did force the officials to rebuild the buildings and economy.  Raspberry claims that even though the city is now repaired, there is still segregation in churches, and interracial socializing has barely increased.  He claims that the riots ‘didn’t work’, and was solely an, ‘expression of profound dissatisfaction’ (Raspberry, 1988).  The sources used in this article are first hand accounts of the riots.

Article 2: In Clashes, a Hispanic Agenda Enters: Violence by a minority group catches many by surprise by R.W. Apple Jr.

Written by R.W. Apple Jr. In Washington Talk, this article describes the affect the Hispanic community felt from the riots.  The perspective is interesting, because the author describes how African Americans were affected, but then reveals the other side of the story according the the hispanic population.  Even though DC is at a 7% hispanic population, when the article was written there were no Hispanic senators.  Along with that, the author claims that much of the Hispanic population in the United States are illegal, and many don’t speak english.  The author provides census data from the U.S. Census Bureau, stating that 22 million people of Hispanic descent are living in the United States, however they are not represented the same as Caucasian or African Americans.

To compare and Contrast these articles, both give a general overview of the Washington DC riots.  They explain that the death of Dr. Martin Luther King sparked an outrage in DC, where African Americans angrily looted stores and burned down buildings.  However, the first article focuses mainly on African Americans as a minority.  He explains that although the riots happened intentionally, they were not to spark change.  They were a reaction to the death of Dr. King.  However, the second article was mainly about Hispanics, and how they are suffering just as much as the African American community in the country.

Both of these articles give a great summary of what happened during the riots, and what caused them.  The first article had photographs which added to the experience of reading it.  The second one confused me.  I understood that the author was claiming that although a racial minority is not just African Americans, I didn’t know why he was talking about these riots in particular and trying to relate it to Hispanics in the United States.  But, I do understand how the author was relating the civil rights movement to the civil rights of Hispanics which seem almost non-existent

Washington DC Riots Zotero.


By R.W. APPLE Jr.Special to The New York Times. “In Clashes, a Hispanic Agenda Enters.”         New York Times (1923-Current File). May 9, 1991. 108730930. ProQuest Historical         Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2010).

Sullivan, Andrew. “What a Riot.” The New Republic, May 27, 1991. 212855087; 00826543. ABI/INFORM Complete; ProQuest Research Library.

Washington DC Riots: April 4th 1968











The day Martin Luther king died sparked a movement that rippled across the United States, and ignited a flame inside the citizens of Washington DC.  On April 4th 1968, riots broke out where looting and destruction of the city was a direct reaction to the assassination of Dr. King.

The riots went on for three days, and thirteen people died, and many were injured.  Despite the riots coming to the end, parts of the city that were destroyed remained so for decades, and the economy suffered.

However, the light was at the end of the tunnel, and the parts of the city that were affected have been rebuilt.

The story that I wanted to tell with my photos was one that was not too violent, but could depict the reasons and affects of the riots.  It begins with a photo of Washington DC before the riots took place.  Then, a building burnt to the ground with a policeman in the foreground brings the dynamic of the riots into play.

Than a newspaper article explains what the series of events were, which leads to my next picture with Martin Luther King.  The direct impact Dr. King had on the civil rights movement in the United States also inspired many people to fight for equality, displayed by the freedom writers holding signs.

The riots are a direct correlation to the civil rights movement, and I want to research this further.  The impact that the riots had, other events and protests, and more of Dr. King’s work are all things that are an important part of US history.

1. Leffler, Warren K. 1972 Nov. 6 Vacant lots on 14th Street, in an area affected by the 1968 riots, Washington DC. Retrieved September 14th, 2014.  From:

2. Leffler, Warren K.  1968 Apr. 8.  D.C. riot. April ’68  Aftermath.  Retrieved September 14th 2014. From:

3. Hechinger, John. 1983 April 3.  My City was Burning. Retrieved September 14th 2014. From:

4. Trikosko, Marion S. 1964 Mar 26 Martin Luther King press conference. Retrieved September 14th 2014.  From:

5. No Author. 1961. Freedom group hangs signs on bus. Retrieved September 14th 2014. From